“Quis custodiet ipsos custodes” – who guards the guardians? Tilly (1985) argues that states are basically a protection racket – waging war and extracting resources in order to perpetuate the state (p.183). A central problem in politics, particularly important for future military leaders, is the problem of maintaining civilian control of the instruments of force. German sociologist Max Weber defined the state partly by its monopoly on the legitimate use of force. Since the emergence of democracy, it has been a delicate balance to ensure that the state can defend itself from its internal and external enemies, without its defenders becoming predators. Our aim here is to explore the role of force in politics, the security sector in comparative perspective, and the governance of police, paramilitary, military, and intelligence functions as they evolve in states affected by neoliberal globalization.
To be confirmed by instructor after consultation with class coordinators
Consider the following discussion questions:
Coordinators may consider the following activities:
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