In Lesson 10 you learned about peacebuilding processes, and discussed potential military contributions. We will now consider two cases of war termination and ensuing peacebuilding with international support. The conflict in El Salvador ended with the government largely achieving its objectives and the rebels attempting to reintegrate into society and government. Third party contributions to the peace process were limited, and most military involvement was bilateral support for the El Salvador Armed Forces, or unarmed military observation. The conflict in South Africa ended with a major regime change, supported by international observation including police and military involvement, though no armed international force. You will compare and judge the relative effectiveness of these two interventions with hindsight. What peacebuilding elements worked, and what was missing? What are the implications of truth and reconciliation commissions and other peacebuilding processes for third party military intervention?
On completing this Lesson, you should be able to analyse factors in the successes and failures of three cases of war termination and peacebuilding, applying knowledge from week 10
Focus this week – case studies
Jonathan Wade writes in Huffington Post, “Canada’s Next Peacekeeping Mission could be in Mali” (18 July 2016)
The Swiss Centre for Peacebuilding KOFF Magazine has recently published a series of articles on Mali that helps put the various aspects together.