“Know the enemy” is a military maxim. In conflict management and resolution, the enemy is violent conflict. We learned in Lesson 2 one template for a hasty conflict analysis. This week, we consider ways of mapping and tracking patterns of violence in time and space, and relating those patterns to causes and correlates that can help us to choose tools for conflict management and resolution under different circumstances.
On completing this Lesson, you should be able to:
Butler, Chapter 3, Empirical trends in armed conflict
Butler, Chapter 4, characteristics of peacekeeping as a form of conflict management
Diehl and Balas, Chapter 2, Historical evolution and record of Peace Operations
Diehl, Tables 3.3 and 3.4 scale and cost of operations
Central presentation: Understanding Conflict, Tracking Violence
This consists of a PowerPoint presentation with embedded video clips which summarises readings and key concepts for this week.
David Last (2002), Patterns and Sources of Violence
David A. Lake and Donald Rothchild (1996) “Ethnic Fears and Global Engagement: The International Spread and Management of Ethnic Conflict,” Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation, January.
Rapoport, David C. (1996) “The Importance of Space in Violent Ethno-Religious Strife,” Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation, University of California at San Diego,
Tikuisis, Peter and David Mandel (2015) “Is the World Deteriorating?” Global Governance 21, explores the contradiction between the many empirical measures of a general downward trend in violence, and the shrill warnings of experts in the International Crisis Group. Tikuisis and Mandel explain the contradiction.
UNDESA training manual, 2003. This 60 page manual for a five-day training course for practitioners, funders, and policy-makers provides tools for conflict analysis. Some of the tables from the manual are reproduced in the weekly assignment for week 3.
Pinker, S. (2011). The better angels of our nature: Why violence has declined. New York: Viking Summary of trends
Tilly, C. (2003) The Politics of Collective Violence, “Political entrepreneurs and violent specialists”
Potts, Malcolm and Thomas Haydon (2008), Sex and War: How Biology explains warfare and terrorism and offers a path to a safer world, Chapter 6 “Women and War, with Martha Campbell” There’s an interesting contrast between this book, written by two men, who have added a female co-autthor for just two chapters (add gender and stir), and Hudson, et al, by three women and a man.
Hudson, Valerie M., Bonnie Ballif-Spanvill, Mary Caprioli, ad Chad F. Emmett (2012) Sex and World Peace, Chapter 1, “Roots of national and international relations”