These are a starting point only and students will develop a reading list to support the review and research assignments.

This is a masters thesis from the Naval Postgraduate School at Monterey, California. Comparing the impact of peace processes on internal security forces in Nicaragua, El Salvador, and Colombia, this is a good place to start for a practical insight into the problems of security sector reform.

General Smedley Butler was a decorated US Marine Corps leader who spent his career fighting America’s gunboat wars as it made its entry onto the world stage as an imperial power.  After the First World War and a turn fighting prohibition racketeers, he realized that he had been serving as high-class muscle for American gangster capitalists around the world, and became a vocal opponent of war.

A Report for the World Bank Post-Conflict Unit.  April 20-21, 1998.  “As part of a global workshop series on the transition from war to peace, the World Bank Post-Conflict Unit, in collaboration with the World Bank’s Paris Office, held a workshop focusing on conflict prevention and post-conflict reconstruction in Paris, France between April 20-21, 1998… This report, prepared by the World Bank Post-Conflict Unit, seeks to capture the ideas and issues that flowed from discussions during the two days of deliberations in Paris. The intent is not to be totally inclusive of all points made, nor to reflect a consensus, but rather to summarize the main points made by keynote speakers and other participants.” This summary is 53 pages.

Dayton and Kriesberg (2009) “Introduction” Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding provides an overview of the concepts and contents of the text.

Duffield, M.  (2007) Development, Security, and Unending War, Preface

Dziedzic, Michael, editor (2016) Criminalized Power Structures:

The Overlooked Enemies of Peace. New York: Rowman Littlefield. * Irreconcilables (BiH, Guatemala, Sierra Leone, Haiti) Violent opposition and negotiable interests (Kosovo, DRC, Iraq); Supporters of peace (Colombia, Afghanistan, Iraq); toolkit and recommendations.,%20editor%20%282016%29%20introduction.pdf

Dziedzic, Michael, editor (2016) Combating Criminalized Power Structures: A Toolkit. New York: Rowman Littlefield.

Fetherston, A. B. (1994). Towards a theory of United Nations peacekeeping (p. 132). London: Macmillan.

Gerson, A. and Colletta N.J. (2002) Privatizing Peace: from Conflict to Security. London: Transnational Publishers.

Kaldor and Rangelov ch. 15 state building, nation building, and reconstruction

Kaldor and Rangelov ch. 16 security sector reform and democratic governance

Leguil-Bayart, J. F., Ellis, S., & Hibou, B. (1999). The criminalization of the state in Africa (p. 144). Indiana University Press.

Last – from PK to PB, theory, cases, experiments, solutions

Levinger, Chapter 5 (peacebuilding as listening)

Chapter 13 in Potts and Hayden (2008) Sex and War. Dallas, TX: Benbella Books.

Tilly (1985) War Making and State Making as Organized Crime. 

One of the significant advances in the last few years has been the concept of integrating peacebuilding into a variety of hitherto separate activities, such as development, humanitarian assistance, private sector investment and so on.  In the chapters on these individual subjects, you’ll find evidence that these fields have sometimes included peacebuilding concepts in the past. The introduction provides a useful summary of the book, and you’ll note that there are lots of documents in the references that are available online. We’ll return to problems of peacebuilding at the end of the course. (52 pp).

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